The Peace, Athabasca and Liard Rivers, as well as Great Bear Lake and Great Slave Lake (respectively the largest and second largest lakes wholly enclosed by Canada) are significant elements of the Arctic watershed. Two French explorers, Médard Chouart des Groseilliers and Pierre-Esprit Radisson, wanted to establish a trading base on the shores of Hudson Bay. Canada's abundance of natural resources is reflected in their continued importance in the economy of Canada. The Canadian Shield is known for its vast minerals, such as emeralds, diamonds and copper. Canada's position between the Soviet Union (now Russia) and the U.S. was strategically important during the Cold War since the route over the North Pole and Canada was the fastest route by air between the two countries and the most direct route for intercontinental ballistic missiles. The Churchill River and Saint John River are other important elements of the Atlantic watershed in Canada. Other than in the plateau regions of the Interior and its many river valleys, most of British Columbia is coniferous forest. On the West Coast, tuna stocks are now restricted. The plains generally describes the expanses of (largely flat) arable agricultural land which sustain extensive grain farming operations in the southern part of the provinces. , The Hudson Bay watershed drains over a third of Canada. As the cake becomes larger, the domestic land problem is naturally solved. Global climate change and the warming of the polar region will likely cause significant changes to the environment, including loss of the polar bear, the exploration for resource then the extraction of these resources and an alternative transport route to the Panama Canal through the Northwest Passage. The less depleted (but still greatly diminished) salmon population continues to drive a strong fisheries industry. , Approximately 11.5 percent of the nationâs landmass and 1.3 percent of its territorial waters are protected areas intended to preserve ecological integrity. Three per cent of Canada's land area is covered by permanent pastures. The furthest straight-line distance that can be travelled to Canadian points of land is between the southwest tip of Kluane National Park and Reserve (next to Mount Saint Elias) and Cripple Cove, Newfoundland (near Cape Race) at a distance of 3,005.60 nautical miles (5,566.37 km; 3,458.78 mi). In addition to the French, the English also began exploring Canada for its fur and fish trade and in 1670 established the Hudson's Bay Company. Many of Canada's major ore deposits are associated with Precambrian volcanoes. There are significant dairy regions in central Nova Scotia, southern New Brunswick, the St. Lawrence Valley, northeastern Ontario, southwestern Ontario, the Red River valley of Manitoba and the valleys in the British Columbia Interior, on Vancouver Island and in the Lower Mainland.  The easternmost point of the Canadian mainland is Elijah Point, Cape St. Charles, Labrador (52Â°13â²N 55Â°37â²W) 52Â°13â²01â³N 55Â°37â²16â³W / 52.217Â°N 55.621Â°W / 52.217; -55.621 (Elijah Point, Labrador). For historical political boundaries of Canada, see, fifteen terrestrial and five marine ecozones, Canada is divided into fifteen terrestrial and five marine ecozones, 800 wild life species at risk of being lost, History of the petroleum industry in Canada, List of highest points of Canadian provinces and territories, "Scientists shocked by Arctic permafrost thawing 70 years sooner than predicted", "Canada Facts: 25 Interesting and Fun Facts â not only for Kids", "Introduction to the Ecological Land Classification (ELC) 2017", "Biodiversity | The Canadian Encyclopedia", "The Atlas of Canada â Physical Components of Watersheds", "The High Subarctic Forest-Tundra of Northwestern Canada: Position, Width, and Vegetation Gradients in Relation to Climate", "World Map of the KÃ¶ppen-Geiger climate classification updated", "Updated world map of the KÃ¶ppen-Geiger climate classification", "Weather Data: Canada, Saskatchewan, Midale, 1937, July", "Canadian Climate Normals 1981â2010 Station Data", "Ottawa Macdonald Cartier International Airport", "Quebec/Jean Lesage International Airport", "Saskatoon Diefenbaker International Airport", "Winnipeg Richardson International Airport", "Casting the bottom line on the blue planet", "Wild Species 2015: The General Status of Species in Canada", "Wild Species 2000: The General Status of Species in Canada", "Species at Risk Public Registry - COSEWIC Annual Report 2013-2014", "Canada's Worst Natural Disasters of All Time", "Population, urban and rural, by province and territory (Canada)", "Satellite imagery moves Hans Island boundary: report", "3-D Magnetic Imaging using Conjugate Gradients: Temagami anomaly", "The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada", "Canada warming up twice as fast as rest of the world, and it's 'irreversible': report", The Barren Lands Collection and Expedition maps, University of Toronto, The Barren Lands Collection, University of Toronto, World Wars and Interwar Years (1914â1945), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Canada&oldid=996710940, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Srpskohrvatski / ÑÑÐ¿ÑÐºÐ¾Ñ ÑÐ²Ð°ÑÑÐºÐ¸, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 05:46. 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